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Vulva and vagina

If you want to learn about a condition or medical procedure related to your vulva or vagina, you’ve come to the right place. Read about vulval care and how to treat vulval irritation. We also cover conditions such as bacterial vaginosis, lichen planus, lichen sclerosis, vaginal atrophy and vaginismus, plus causes of vaginal and vulval pain. You can also read information about pelvic organ prolapse and cancers that affect the vulva and vagina.

It’s important to look after your vulva and vagina and understand what’s normal for you. Learn more about this area of your body and how to take good care of it. Read more
Your vulva is the external part of your female genitals that you can see. Your vagina is inside your body. Vulval irritation is common in women of all ages. The skin of the vulva is very delicate, making it vulnerable to irritation from a range of products and chemicals. If you are concerned about vulval irritation, see your doctor and ask them to check your vulva. It’s important to get the right diagnosis and treatment. Learn more about vulval irritation, the symptoms, causes and treatments. Read more
There are many conditions that can affect your vulva and vagina. Sometimes they can be irritating or even painful. Most conditions improve with treatment, so it’s important to see your doctor if you notice anything unusual. Learn more about these conditions, including the symptoms, causes, treatments and when to see your doctor. Read more
It’s common for women to experience vaginal pain for different reasons. Learn more about painful sex (dyspareunia), vaginal episiotomy, tears and vulvovaginal splitting. We explain the symptoms, causes and treatments. Read more
It’s common for women to experience vulval pain during their lifetime. It can range from minor discomfort to chronic pain that reduces your quality of life. Learn more about vulvodynia and pudendal neuralgia, including the symptoms, causes and treatment options. Read more
Pelvic organ prolapse is when the ligaments, connective tissues and muscles that support the pelvic organs stretch, causing the organs to drop down. The word prolapse means to 'fall out of place'. There are different types of prolapse, including bladder and bowel prolapse (vaginal prolapse) and uterine prolapse. Learn more about prolapse, including the symptoms, causes and treatment options. Read more
People with female reproductive organs and genitals can get gynaecological cancers. Learn more about vaginal cancer and vulval cancer, including the symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment options. Read more

This con­tent has been reviewed by a group of med­ical sub­ject mat­ter experts, in accor­dance with Jean Hailes pol­i­cy.